Do you still remember “Zhenliang” and “Dika” that were once popular all over the country?
When it comes to “Zhenliang” and “Polyester Card”, I believe I have experienced it People in the 1970s and 1980s must have felt familiar with it, and this profound memory has accompanied the growth of a generation.
At that time, chemical fiber fabrics had just entered the Chinese market, and the price was higher than cotton fabrics They are quite expensive. Owning a “Chenliang” shirt or “polyester card” trousers is simply a “status symbol”. It can even be used as a betrothal gift. It is a capital that can be used to show off and look good. It is fashionable and attractive. envious.
What kind of fabrics are “Qianliang” and “Polyester Card”?
In fact, the material of “Qianliang” and “Polyester Card” is the polyester that everyone is now familiar with, also called polyester fiber.
Polyester is a fiber made from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) by spinning and post-processing. Its raw material comes from petroleum or deep processing or by-products of coal. The English names of polyester are Terylene (English) and Dacron (American). It was first popular in the Chinese area in Hong Kong. The local people named polyester “True Liang” after the Cantonese homophony of Terylene.
Polyester fiber has higher strength, better wear resistance, and is more durable than cotton. At the same time, the dyeing is bright and does not fade, and it is easy to wash and dry quickly. It also does not shrink, deform, wrinkle, and requires no ironing.
“Querliang” is a relatively light plain weave fabric made of polyester. It was mainly used to make shirts and summer clothes at that time; “Polyester card” is polyester khaki The abbreviation of cloth is a relatively thick twill fabric made of polyester, which is used to make windbreakers, jackets, pants, etc. There are pure polyester ones, and there are also ones blended with cotton and wool.
Why did “Qianliang” and “Polyester Card” fabrics become popular all over the country at that time? ?
my country’s original economic strength was relatively weak and the output of agricultural products was low. At that time, people mainly relied on cotton for clothing, and the use of land for food and clothing was the first priority, so clothing became a problem, and cotton cloth was in limited supply based on tickets. Moreover, the cotton spinning technology was backward at that time, and the cotton cloth was thick, rough, and easy to break. People often had to wear patched clothes. The colors were also the same dark blue, black, and gray colors that dominated the world, and they easily faded and looked old.
As early as the 1960s, relatively developed cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, and Tianjin began to import “Qianliang” and “Polyester Card” fabrics in small batches to make After being made into clothing, the response was enthusiastic and it has become a “hot item” sought after by many people.
<span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51 ; It looks very beautiful and classy, and has become a more popular fabric than cotton. Even if it is expensive, it cannot stop people from pursuing it.
Phoenix Nirvana, China’s great development of textile and chemical fibers – the achievements of Chinese textile people Proud
In order to solve the people’s clothing problems and relieve the country’s worries, China TextileMany people have taken on this important task.
In the 1970s, China began to introduce a large number of chemical fiber equipment , to develop the relevant industrial chain of the chemical fiber industry, the earliest introduction was the polyester production line. After unremitting efforts, by the 1980s, my country’s textiles were no longer in short supply as in the past. In December 1983, the cloth tickets that had been used for 30 years were cancelled, and “Que Liang” and “Polyester Card”, which were originally extremely valuable, gradually became economical and affordable.
Especially in the past 20 years, China has consistently ranked first in the world The largest producer of chemical fiber and polyester, accounting for more than 70% of global fiber production, of which polyester accounts for more than 80%. The successful application of China’s polyester production technology with independent intellectual property rights has led to the rapid development of my country’s textile industry, and has become the largest patent holder of polyester production technology and equipment in the world. The textile industry consists of imported goods. Transform into a major export earner.
Why did “Zhenliang” and “Polyester Card” not become popular later?
For relationships, people pay attention to loyalty, but for clothes, people definitely like the new and hate the old.
First of all, the production of textile fabrics in China has increased significantly, the quality has increased rapidly, and new fabrics are emerging one after another. The supply of natural fibers such as cotton, linen and wool has increased, and various new man-made fibers and synthetic fibers have become increasingly abundant, giving people more choices and breaking the dominant position of “Chenliang” and “Polyester Card”.
In addition, everyone has gradually realized some shortcomings of polyester fabrics. It is not close to the body when worn, does not withstand the cold in winter, and has poor breathability in summer. People’s living conditions have improved, and dressing is no longer just about fashion, but also about comfort.
So, after the 1990s, the names of “Zhenliang” and “Dika” were slowly forgotten in the torrent of history.
Have “Zhenliang” and “Dika” really disappeared?
No, they just changed their names and were gradually replaced by the original names of “polyester” or “polyester fiber”. Of course, today’s polyester fabric is not what it was back then. The structure and performance of fibers, yarns and fabrics have been greatly optimized and improved.
Now, polyester is still the most important textile raw material. It has many advantages that natural cotton and wool cannot have. Polyester can be spun purely or blended with cotton, wool or other chemical fibers to complement each other’s shortcomings. According to the arrangement and combination of fiber components, yarn count, fabric structure and other factors, fabrics can derive ever-changing and colorful trade names, such as pongee, polyester taffeta, satin, beautiful silk, chiffon, etc. wait.
At present, the production process and product quality of chemical fiber have been constantly improving. Improvement, with the continuous emergence of new synthetic fibers such as PBT and PTT polyester fibers, it is very likely that chemical fibers will replace natural fibers again in the future.
Solving the clothing problem of 1.4 billion people depends on “cloth tickets” From limited supply to endless supply of high-quality and low-priced clothes, Chinese textile people have achieved amazing changes in China’s textile industry through their continuous efforts, wisdom and sweat.
“Zhenliang” and “Dika” are like a mirror, reflecting The progress of the times and the development of society.
As a member of the “Chinese Textile People”, I feel deeply I am honored and proud. I will continue to do my best and make my due contribution.
As new synthetic fibers continue to emerge, it is very likely that chemical fibers will replace natural fibers again in the future.